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Ecosystem Functions, Goods, and Services (EFG&S)
All the ways that humans recognize value in ecosystems are collectively described as ecosystem functions, goods, and services.
A phenomena in an ecosystem that results from the interaction of the structures and processes of that ecosystem (e.g. an animal acquiring food, flood stage changing slowly, a beach remains cool on a sunny day).
Tangible products that are extracted from the ecosystem that have economic or cultural value to our societies (e.g. fish, seaweeds, shellfish).
Ways that ecosystems provide amenities to our societies that are not in the form of an extractable product (e.g. the provision of animal habitats, clean water, recreational settings, psychological or cultural well-being, storm protection).
The relative historical potential of a site to provide ecosystem services based on historic size and complexity of a site.
A kind of change to ecosystem processes or structures where modification of the nearshore landscape reduces the quantity or diversity of historical EFG&S. The historical ecosystem thus, serves as a baseline for evaluating the current ecosystem condition. Degradation of the historical state is estimated by the presence and intensity of stressors and landform change.
Site conditions with the potential to compromise restoration efficiency or effectiveness.